From rugged coastlines and windswept dunes to typical green farmland and quaint windmill-studded polders, there is so much natural scenery to enjoy in the diverse landscapes of the Netherlands. Protected nature reserves are rich in wildlife species whilst recreational areas host plenty of spots to swim, picnic or paddle. Bring a car, take the train or jump on your bike to discover the best nature areas in and around Amsterdam.
Amstelland Green Area
Not every city can boast access to open meadows and green pastures of grazing cows just a stone’s throw from the centre. Follow the Amstel south and you’ll arrive in the tranquil Amstelland Green Area. The kilometres of dykes and polders are popular with walkers, joggers and cyclists or you can take a scenic boat cruise up-river. Open-water recreational areas such as Gaasperplas and Ouderkerkerplas are a haven for watersports enthusiasts. Picture-perfect villages such as the Ouderkerk aan de Amstel are bursting with cosy restaurants and sunny cafe terraces.
Amsterdam Noord is the gateway to the spectacular open landscapes and waterways that make the Dutch countryside so famous. A short ferry ride across the IJ, you’ll find Het Twiske, a green recreational area that plays host to endless activities for outdoorsy types. You can rent canoes or sailboats, windsurf, stand-up paddleboard and even go diving. If that doesn’t float your boat there are plenty of designated spots to have a scenic picnic or take a brisk dip. Surrounding this are the picturesque villages of the Waterland - a centuries-old polder landscape connected by a variety of cycling, walking and paddling routes which are all worth exploring.
Also to the North, Ilperveld is a vast meadow area intersected by reed-lined channels and hundreds of tiny islands inhabited by rare birds and plants. Of course, the best way to observe these species is from the water by renting canoes, rowboats or taking a guided nature cruise. If you’d rather explore on foot, pass by the visitor centre to get acquainted with the best walking trails, bird hides or the most scenic spots for a waterside picnic.
National Park Zuid-Kennemerland
Between Zandvoort and IJmuiden, you’ll find the pristine dune valleys, historic estates and rugged beaches of Zuid-Kennemerland. Stretching for more than 3800 hectares, this vast area is famously home to herds of wisent (European bison). You can observe them at special viewpoints or by following the 4km hiking trail. There are plenty of other recreational opportunities to do in the park including cycling, horse-riding and lakeside swimming. The park is a 40-minute drive from Amsterdam, a short train ride or just over an hour away on your bike.
National Park Nieuw Land
Owing to its existence to the colossal land-reclamation project that built the province of Flevoland, Nieuw Land is the largest man-made nature area in the world. The expansive swampy wetlands and grasslands are now a haven for waterbirds. Flocks of spoonbills, geese, cormorants and the occasional bald eagle can be spotted at observation points around the Oostvaardersplassen. The area also provides a rich habitat for wild horses, foxes, hares, bats and butterflies. For those who like to get wet, Markermeer Lake has facilities for watersports and sailing or visitors can enjoy numerous walking routes before finding a spot to chill on the beach.
The stretch of coastline between Zandvoort and Noordwijk doubles as both the oldest water extraction area in the Netherlands and a unique nature reserve. To protect the dunes, bicycles are not permitted in most areas of the Amsterdamse Waterleidingduinen, but you will find a coastal cycle path and a range of hiking routes. It’s likely that you’ll be able to spot the white tails of deer grazing in the forests, and between mid-October, to early November you might even hear the clashing antlers of the males. The area is a great bird-watching location and regarded as one of the best places to spot foxes in the country.
Hoge Veluwe National Park
A bit further afield but still well worth the trip, Hoge Veluwe’s heathlands, forests and sand dunes are home to diverse animal and plant species. Among the trees, you might be lucky enough to spot red deer, badgers or pine martens whilst rare amphibians and insects hop amongst the grasslands. With over 40 kilometres of designated paths, the best way to explore is by pulling on your hiking boots or by bike - you can use the free ‘white bike’ rental service or bring your own. Also in the park are various attractions for history and culture buffs. Set amongst a superb sculpture garden, the Kröller-Müller Museum hosts the second largest collection of Van Goghs in the world.
En route to Hilversum, the Naardermeer nature reserve is made up of swampy forests, marshy meadows and clear waters. This varied landscape is a protected area sheltering rare species such as otters, purple herons and other waterbirds. The reserve can be explored by taking a silent boat tour led by one of the park rangers, walking around the edge of the lake or renting a bike to cycle along the scenic polders. Just a short walk away, you’ll find the fortified city of Naarden. Built-in a distinctive star shape, the moats and walls provide a fascinating slice of Dutch history.
Amsterdamse Bos & Nieuwe Meer
Just on the outskirts of the city centre, the lush woodlands of the Amsterdamse Bos were hand planted in the 20th century to offer a green escape for residents. Today the area provides the perfect mix of recreation opportunities and natural landscapes to get lost in. The forest has its own visitor centre, a campsite, an open-air theatre, playgrounds, a goat farm, a running track and places you can rent canoes or bicycles. There are plenty of paths through the groves of trees which are perfect for cycling, dog-walking and jogging. Meanwhile, the lake next door, Nieuwe Meer, is a popular place for swimming, sunbathing and watersports. This stretch of water is also an important habitat for the city’s waterbirds including reed warblers and marsh harriers.