Architects: Architectenbureau Merkelbach & Karsten, Gemeentelijke Woningdienst, Afdeling Stadsontwikkeling van Dienst der Publieke Werken (Municipal Housing Service, Department of Urban Development of the Office of Public Works)
Commissioned by: Gemeentelijke Woningdienst (Municipal Housing Service)
Years of construction: 1949-1953.
The first plans for Tuindorp Frankendaal (garden city) date back to 1933. Only after the Second World War did these come to fruition. The architect Jakoba Mulder changed the design in 1948. It was she who thought up the pioneering L-shaped strips and green areas that were ultimately built. The design was highly innovative. The Westelijke Tuinsteden (western garden cities) were later built using these same principles.
Overlooking van 't Hofflaan, 1995
As Jeruzalem was low-rise and built around greenery, there was plenty of light and space in the neighbourhood. It was a village in the city: an independent community with its own shops, schools, play area, churches and green spaces for recreation. The gardens, houses and children’s play areas were designed by various architects.
Jeruzalem is characterised by low buildings, lots of green and room to play
The Netherlands was faced with a huge housing shortage after the Second World War. This is why Jeruzalem ultimately had 792 duplex-dwellings (two small dwellings on top of each other) instead of the planned 360 family houses. The two small dwellings would in later years become one larger one, but little has been seen of that plan.
Here the L-shaped lines are clearly visible
In 2010, part of Jeruzalem was declared a national monument. The first post-war neighbourhood to be given this status, it was because of the unique architecture and urban development. After years of preparation, plans are now ready for renovation and new developments in Jeruzalem.