If you’re the kind of person who likes to go off the beaten track then you should certainly explore some of these more unusual museums, which often have the bonus of being situated in some stunning locations.

Cat Cabinet

You might have heard about people being “barking mad”, well you certainly won’t find them at the Cat Cabinet (Kattenkabinet). This feline monument was founded in memory of a frisky tomcat, John Pierpont Morgan, long-time companion of the museum's founder. The collection is dedicated entirely to the role of cats in art and culture throughout history. Even if you’re not cat crazy, then a stroll through the impressive rooms of this beautiful canal house - also used in the film Ocean’s Twelve - is an unexpected treat. Cat Cabinet, Herengracht 497

Kattenkabinet Amsterdam Edwin van Eis

Biblical Museum

It’s a similar story at the Biblical Museum (Bijbels Museum). Even if you are not an avid Bible reader, the museum building is still quite a find. Situated in two historic houses - designed by Philips Vingboons - this atmospheric setting on the Herengracht houses is one of the oldest Dutch museums. A highlight is the 1718 painted ceiling by Jacob de Wit. There is also a life-sized reconstruction of the shrine housing the Ark of the Covenant and a superb collection of Bibles - including the oldest Bible printed in the Netherlands. Free admission with the I amsterdam City Card. Biblical Museum, Herengracht 366-368

Houseboat Museum

You don’t find houseboats everywhere in the world, so it follows that you won’t find many houseboat museums. The Houseboat Museum (woonbootmuseum) answers all the questions you might have concerning the practicalities of living on the water in Amsterdam - like how the water, electricity and sewage function. The museum is situated on the Hendrika Maria, a former freighter which was converted into a houseboat in the 1960s. These days it looks like the owners have just popped out to the shops! Free admission with the I amsterdam City Card. Houseboat Museum, Prinsengract 296K

Woonbootmuseum Amsterdam Ilse van Loon

Spectacles Museum

This is a place that makes a spectacle of itself – literally and figuratively! The Spectacles Museum (Brilmuseum) grew out of the passion of a private collector for optometric objects. Two floors of this lovely 17th-century building illustrate spectacle fashion and history spanning 700 years. On the ground floor you will also find a recreated 1930s spectacle shop, which sells historic frames and some more modern models. Spectacles Museum, Gasthuismolensteeg 7

Electric Ladyland

‘The world’s first museum of fluorescent art’, the Electric Ladyland is a tiny basement museum dedicated to all things fluoro. Owned by an extremely optimistic geologist with a passion for rocks and naturally occurring fluorescent minerals, the museum displays a permanent collection of fluorescent minerals, fluorescent artwork from the 1950s and other glowing artefacts. There’s even a large-scale fluorescent environment, where visitors can temporarily become a part of the art themselves. Electric Ladyland, Tweede Leliedwarsstraat 5

Electric Ladyland Fluorescent Art Museum Amsterdam CC BY 2.0 ilovebutter via Flickr

Pipe Museum

In the historic surroundings of a 17th-century canal house, the Amsterdam Pipe Museum offers an overview of smoking pipes throughout the ages, covering a period of 2,500 years and including weird and wonderful smoking paraphernalia from five continents – including a pipe crafted from the claws of a crab and other such novelties. The museum represents the life’s work of a serious collector who spent forty years amassing the world's most renowned pipe collection. Take a private tour of the ground floor of the collector’s house for an unexpected experience! Amsterdam Pipe Museum, Prinsengracht 488

Vrolik Museum

Not one for the faint-hearted, the fascinatingly macabre Vrolik Museum is home to an extraordinary collection of human body parts and medical case studies accrued by 19th-century medical professor Gerardus Vrolik, his son Willem and numerous other medical professionals. The unique collection contains an extensive range of conserved anatomical specimens, skeletons, skulls and specimens showing birth defects, including Siamese twins and cyclopean babies. Vrolik Museum, Meibergdreef 9

Venustempel Sex Museum

The oldest sex museum in the world looks at many aspects of sensual love through the ages, displaying an extensive collection of erotic pictures, paints, recordings, photographs and more – as well as plenty of titillation. The vast collection was personally gathered by the museum’s owners and is now on permanent display in their 17th-century property on the Damrak. Venustempel Sex Museum, Damrak 18

More unusual attractions include the Museum of Bags and Purses, the Pianola Museum – also one of Amsterdam’s smallest museums, the Tulip Museum, the Coffee and Tea Museum and the Diamond Museum.

Schelpenmuseum Amsterdam

The Schelpenmuseum (Shell Museum) Amsterdam is designed to make you fall in love with nature again. The museum (and its beautiful gift shop) is a small treasure room filled with incredible shells, fossils and other jewels of nature, alongside unusual gifts, jewellery and art – not to mention a schedule of stunning exhibitions. It’s perfect for taking the kids of course, and there are no entrance fees. The giftshop is particularly worthwhile, if you’re a fan of the sea. Schelpenmuseum Amsterdam, Czaar Peterstraat 249

Schelpenmuseum Amsterdam