A recurring theme in the series – with films such as Johannesburg, 2nd Greatest City After Paris (1989), Felix in Exile (1994) and Other Faces (2011) – is the recent history of South Africa. The starting point for the animations is a series of charcoal sketches that Kentridge draws, redraws, erases and thus sets in motion. They allude to events such as the Sharpeville massacre, the release of Nelson Mandela and the abolition of Apartheid. 10 Drawings for Projection (1989-2011) marked Kentridge’s breakthrough on the international art scene as an engaged artist with a deep concern for developments in his native country. ‘I have never tried to make illustrations of apartheid,’ he said in an interview, ‘but the drawings and films are certainly spawned by and feed off the brutalized society left in its wake. I am interested in a political art, that is to say, an art of ambiguity, contradiction, uncompleted gestures and uncertain endings.’