Architects Berend Tobia Boeyinga (1886-1969), Jan Boterenbrood (1886-1932), Jakoba Helena Mulder (1900-1988), Jordanus Roodenburgh (1886-1972) and Jouke Zietsma (1893 1962).
Commissioned by Arie Keppler, director Gemeentelijke Woningdienst (municipal housing service).
Years of construction 1924-1926.
Amsterdam style with green
About three quarters of Tuindorp Nieuwendam’s (garden city) residents were born and bred in Amsterdam, and the turnover in the village is noticeably low. It seems that many of the residents are highly satisfied about their village that started life in a field behind the Nieuwendam (dyke) at the beginning of the twentieth century. It was built as a real village with an association building, schools, a police station and shops. The ‘garden city’ idea may have been born in England, but the English and French ultimately came to the Netherlands to see its successful implementation in Tuindorp Nieuwendam.
Nieuwendam advertisement for rental houses
The features that drew attention in particular were the communal green and Mulder’s keukenwoningen (‘kitchen homes’) whereby the kitchen was placed at the front of the house and the living room at the garden side. Each neighbourhood of the village was designed by a different architect, five in total, and the buildings were built by the Office of Public Works in the Amsterdam School style. Nevertheless, the village became strongly unified architecturally due to the use of materials, the powerful roofing, the balanced proportions and the eye for detail.
Ironically, the rent was ultimately above the reach of the target group as the decision was taken at the last minute to build a bathroom in each residence. The first residents were thus not workers, but policemen and clerks.
Entryway to Tuindorp Nieuwendam