The Amsterdam School (Amsterdamse School) was born between 1910 and 1930 in the Amsterdam office of renowned architect Eduard Cuypers. Amsterdam School structures are characterised by the use of brick for structure and design, a rounded appearance, decorative masonry, wrought iron accents, spires and 'ladder' windows. The style has roots in Expressionist architecture, borrowing elements from the Jugendstil (Art Nouveau) and Art Deco design aesthetic. The aim was to create a total architectural experience, so designers paid great attention to both the interior and the exterior of each building. Due to the socialist ideals of its founders, the Amsterdam School style was often applied to housing estates for the working class, government institutions and schools. Many examples of this style can still be found in Amsterdam today.