There’s a never ending selection of things to do in Amsterdam in any weather – so whether you’re visiting for the weekend or for a fortnight, here’s your essential checklist of the best Amsterdam attractions and unmissable experiences in the ‘Venice of the North’.

Many of the attractions and experiences below are covered by the I amsterdam City Card - a handy visitor pass which gets you free entry to dozens of museums and attractions, plus free public transport for the duration of your stay.

Hop on your bike

There are over 800,000 bicycles in Amsterdam. That’s more bikes than people! Cycling in Amsterdam is a way of life, made easier by the city’s unbeatable network of cycle routes and flat landscape. Amsterdam regularly comes out on top in lists of the world’s most cycle-friendly cities, and there’s no finer way to explore the city’s streets, canals and attractions than by pedal power. Cycling in Amsterdam is safe, enjoyable and invigorating - so join the locals and hop on your bike. Find out more about cycling and bike hire in Amsterdam.

Bike against railings Amsterdam Moyan Brenn

Get lost in the arty Jordaan

Often cited as Amsterdam’s most charming neighbourhood, wandering into the Jordaan feels like stepping back in time. Originally a working class area, the Jordaan’s narrow streets and quaint buildings now make up one of Amsterdam’s most desirable quarters, dotted with independent art galleries, antiques shops, courtyard gardens and atmospheric bars and restaurants. Ditch the map and lose yourself in the labyrinth of narrow lanes that sprawl eastwards from Prinsengracht canal known as the 9 Streets; one of Amsterdam's most rewarding shopping experiences. 

Amsterdam Torensteeg zonsondergang, CC BY-ND 2.0 Moyan Brenn via Flickr

Soak up some culture in Museumplein

Home to the Rijksmuseum, the Van Gogh Museum and the Stedelijk Museum of Modern Art, Museumplein is the cultural beating heart of Amsterdam. Having recently been renovated to a world class standard, the leafy 19th century district of Oud-Zuid is an art lover’s utopia, and the open square between the buildings pulses with activity all day; with open-air exhibitions, markets and a large paddling pool to dip your toes into on warmer days. In the winter months, the square transforms with a vast outdoor ice rink.   

stadsdeel Zuid

Take a canal cruise

Created in the 17th century to keep the sea at bay, Amsterdam’s UNESCO protected canal belt is the quintessential picture-postcard vision of Amsterdam, and an unbelievably pretty sight by both day and night - when the bridges are lit up by fairy lights and the whole area takes on a magical feel. Floating along the canals by guided boat tour is a great way to get under the fabric of the city, and you’ll learn lots of fascinating facts along the way – such as why the tilting homes along the canals are known as ‘dancing houses’. There are many different canal cruises to choose from, from hop-on-hop-off sightseeing tours to atmospheric candlelit night time cruises with food and wine. Find out more about Amsterdam canal cruises and book your trip online - or get a free canal cruise with the I amsterdam City Card.

Try herring from a herring cart

Raw herring may sound a little scary to the uninitiated, but every visitor to Amsterdam should give it a go. You’ll spot haringhandels (herring carts) serving up this Dutch speciality all over the city - ask for a ‘broodje haring’ to get the fish served in a small sandwich with pickles and onions. The best time to try raw herring is between May and July when the herring is said to be at its sweetest.

Still hungry? See if you can taste your way through all of these traditional Dutch snacks during your visit 

Hit the shops around The Nine Streets

While many shoppers head straight to the busy chain-store mecca of Kalverstraat, those in the know get their retail therapy at De Negen Straatjes or ‘The Nine Streets’; a quaint warren of cobbled streets that connect the main canals between Leidsegracht and Raadhuisstraat. Here you’ll find over 200 retailers, including a fine selection of independent boutiques, vintage shops and specialty stores selling everything from designer dresses to handmade cosmetics. Find out more about shopping in The Nine Streets.

Amsterdam negen 9 straatjes winkel

Visit Anne Frank House

Reflect on the atrocities committed against the Jewish people during World War II at the Prinsengracht house where diarist Anne Frank and her family hid from the Nazis for two years after feeling persecution in Germany. The front of the house is now a thought-provoking museum but the back annex has been preserved to give an idea of what life was like for Anne and the families she hid with. Waiting times are often lengthy; so visit early in the morning or book online in advance to beat the queues. Find out more about visiting Anne Frank House.

Go beer tasting at a windmill

There are eight remaining windmills in Amsterdam, the most easy to visit being de Gooyer in the Oostelijke Eilanden (Eastern Islands) neighbourhood. And this isn’t just any windmill – for under the sails of this striking landmark is Brouwerij ‘Tij; an award winning artisan microbrewery with a large outdoor drinking terrace and 30-minute guided tasting tours. The brewery produces a range of organic standard and seasonal ales – including the 9% ‘Columbus’ amber ale; guaranteed to put the wind in your sails.  Read more about beer tasting in Amsterdam and see the city's top craft beer bars and microbreweries

Brouwerij 't IJ terras amsterdam

Hang out with the Old Masters at the Rijksmuseum

Thanks to a dazzling refurbishment that cost 375 million euros and 10 years, Amsterdam’s biggest museum of art and history is now a world-beating cultural centre and suitable home to thousands of masterpieces including Rembrandt’s greatest work – The Night Watch. With over 8,000 pieces to see, including permanent collections and temporary exhibitions,  you could easily find yourself spending an entire day here. Find out more about visiting the Rijksmuseum and get discounted entry with the I amsterdam City card

Don't miss these top 10 hidden highlights of the Rijksmuseum

Wake up and smell the tulips

Yes, they’re as clichéd as clogs, but Tulips are a definitive symbol of Dutch culture, and a trip to the Netherlands wouldn’t be complete without feasting your eyes on these beautiful blooms. The most famous place to buy tulips and bulbs in Amsterdam is at the Bloemenmarkt – the world’s only floating flower market which lines the Singel with colourful flower stalls. If you’re visiting Amsterdam in spring, then take the short 20-minute trip out to the world famous tulip fields (Bollenstreek) – stretching out in colourful stripes across miles of lowland fields between Harleem and Leiden. To understand more about the Netherlands’ long love affair with Tulips, a visit to the Amsterdam Tulip Museum in the Jordaan is a must.

Discover Amsterdam’s Parklife

With over 30 parks to choose from, you’ll never be short of a picnic spot in Amsterdam. More than just leafy escapes from the urban hustle, parks are at the heart of Amsterdam culture – and every time the sun rears its head you’ll see locals packing up the disposable barbecue and bunting and heading down to their nearest garden. The 47 acre Vondelpark is the largest; housing an outdoor theatre with live concerts in summer, three bars and restaurants and a range of other attractions. Other notable parks are the cultural hub of Westerpark, Sarphatipark in De Pijp and Rembrandtpark in the West – home to the oldest petting zoo in the city. See more information about Amsterdam's best parks.

Take a day trip from Amsterdam

If you’re in town for more than a few days, then head out of the city to explore the diverse attractions of the surrounding area. Just a short hop from Amsterdam lies a rich landscape of gorgeous countryside, beaches, castles, windmills and historic towns – all easily reachable from the city centre. Just 20 minutes from Amsterdam Central by train, the picturesque city of Haarlem overflows with history and culture, plus a great selection of shops, cafes and restaurants.  In the surrounding countryside you’ll also find plenty of old castles, fortified towns and ruins, of which Muiden is one of the most spectacular examples. And if lying on a beach is more your thing, then the beautiful golden stretches at Bloemendaal aan Zee and Zandvoort aan Zee will be happy to oblige with golden sands, dunes and plenty of watersports. Find out more about the best day trips from Amsterdam.

Join the cool crowd in De Pijp

Pronounced ‘De Pipe’, this bohemian neighbourhood to the south of the city centre is one of Amsterdam’s most vibrant districts; brimming with a kaleidoscope of quirky shops, trendy Amsterdam bars, charming cafes and arty hotspots. One of the area’s biggest draws is the Albert Cuypmarket - the country’s biggest outdoor street market which pulses through De Pijp six days a week with hundreds of stalls selling everything from handmade jewellery to delicious local foods. Take the 16 or 24 tram from the city centre or cycle there in around 10-15 minutes.  Read more about De Pijp

Catch the ferry to Amsterdam North

Many visitors to Amsterdam never manage to venture north of Amsterdam Central Station- which is a shame, considering the vibrant food, drink and cultural scene that’s burgeoned across the water, along the banks of the IJ. A short (free) ferry trip will take you to a number of drop off points including cultural hotspot NDSM, where you can enjoy a host of hip waterside hangouts, frequent festivals and events.

Amsterdam NDSM Noord fotografen grafitti

Visit a market in Amsterdam

Whether you’re looking to snag a bargain, try some local delicacies or just soak up the atmosphere, visiting one of the many markets in Amsterdam is a unique and unforgettable experience. Markets selling everything from antiques to books and artisan food to vintage clothes are held all over the city every day. Some of the most popular Amsterdam markets include the Albert Cuypmarket in De Pijp (Mon - Sat) Westerstraat market in the Jordaan (held on Monday mornings), the floating flower market on the Singel (Mon - Sat) and the Waterlooplein flea market (Mon – Sat) near the Rembrandt House.

Spend the evening drinking in a former tram depot

Located in the hip Oud-West neighbourhood, De Hallen is a brand new centre for the arts, crafts, fashion and food in a recently refurbished industrial building dating from 1902. De Hallen houses a cinema, independent stores and a boutique hotel, as well as the impressive Food Hallen – a food and drink heaven where visitors can munch their way through a selection of upmarket street food from one of many vendors located around a central bar. Every other weekend, a fortnightly local goods market sets up stall in the building’s central passageway.

Foodhallen Amsterdam De Hallen Franklin Heijnen

Come face to face with original Van Goghs

No trip to Amsterdam could be complete without paying homage to Dutch impressionist Vincent Van Gogh. The modern building on Museumplein is home to more than 1000 of the artist’s paintings,  drawings and letters, and offers visitors the chance to not only get up close and personal with some of his instantly recognisable works, but also to track his development and learn more about the artists who inspired – and were inspired by – him. Find out more about visiting the Van Gogh Museum and get free entry to the Van Gogh museum with the I amsterdam City Card

Discover a secret courtyard in the heart of the city

The Begijnhof is one of Amsterdam’s oldest inner courtyards, and is a surprisingly tranquil escape from the city commotion. Formerly home to the Beguines – a group of unmarried religious women who chose to live together in a close community – this quaint medieval enclosed court houses a group of historical buildings arranged around a central green, including the oldest wooden house in Amsterdam. It’s a surreal experience and well worth finding the discreet entrance via the Begijnensteeg, off the Kalverstraat. 

Visit the EYE across the IJ

Dominating the view from the southern shore of the IJ behind Central Station, this striking white building has rapidly become one of Amsterdam’s most iconic landmarks since it opened in Spring 2012. An absolute must for film fans, the EYE Film Institute houses a permanent exhibition space which showcases retrospectives and contemporary exhibits, as well as a vast film library, cinema and fabulous restaurant bar with a terrace overlooking the water. Catch the free ’Buiksloterwg’ ferry from behind Central Station, which takes three minutes. Get free entry to the EYE film museum with the I amsterdam City Card.

Have your photo taken on the I amsterdam letters outside Rijksmuseum

You can also track down the travelling I amsterdam letters which move around the city - find out where the travelling letters are right now

Camera at the ready? Take a look at 7 of Amsterdam's best photo hotspots