Spoorwegwerken Oost (railway works East)

Work on the Spoorwegwerken Oost was carried out between 1936 and 1940. A direct line was built connecting Utrecht and Amsterdam Central Station, which led to the old end station on the Rhijnspoorplein (square) being demolished and space being made for the Wibautstraat (street). The raising of the new railway lines made the level crossings in Amsterdam East – the cause of much traffic congestion – redundant.

 

The Amstel station, 1970

Transit station

Amstel station is now not only a railway station, but also a metro station. Even at the time of its design, Amstel station was planned to be a transit station. Schelling emphasised the ‘before and after’ modes of transport such as bicycle, car, tram, bus or taxi. According to his own words, his intention was to create an ‘orderly framework of other means of transport’.

 

Mural by Peter Alma in the Amstel station

Art in the station

There are two works of art by the sculptor Theo van Reijn at Amstel station. The bronze works placed against the exterior facade depicts the future of railways. The statue of the sitting woman in the entrance hall is entitled ‘Terugblik’ (looking back). The two enormous murals in the station hall are by the artist Peter Alma, a friend of the internationally acclaimed Piet Mondriaan. The theme ‘trains and travel’ play a central role in both paintings.

 

Mural by Peter Alma in the Amstel station