Anne Frank in Amsterdam
During the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands, more than 100,000 people were deported and killed in concentration camps. The Hollandsche Schouwburg serves as a sobering memorial centre to all of these souls. The touching and honest diary that Anne Frank left behind made her a renowned figure, and it remains one of the world's most widely-read books. Over the years, the diary has also served as the basis for several plays and films (including the new production entitled Anne, currently running at the Theater Amsterdam). Anne’s original diary and other notebooks are on display in the Anne Frank Huis.
Anne Frank Huis
Located at Prinsengracht 263, the Anne Frank Huis is where Anne Frank lived in hiding with her family for more than two years. The attic rooms are empty, but still exude the atmosphere of the hiding period. Some personal items remain, like the pictures of movie stars that Anne pasted to a wall, a section of wallpaper where Anne’s father marked the height of his growing daughters, and a map on which he recorded the advance of the Allied Forces. The museum also features a refelective exhibition about the persecution of the Jews and discrimination in general.
Around a million visitors flock to the Anne Frank Huis every year. However, her previous residence at Merwedeplein 37-II is less well known. Anne lived at Merwedeplein for nine years before going into hiding on the Prinsengracht. In 2005, the apartment was restored to its 1930s appearance, inspired by descriptions in Anne Frank’s letters. It is not open to the public, but provides refuge to foreign writers who are unable to work freely in their home countries. Don't miss Jett Schepp's sculpture on Merwedeplein of Anne looking back at her house one last time before going into hiding.
Other Anne Frank memories in Amsterdam
Anne spent her primary school years at the Anne Frank 6th Montessori School in Amsterdam’s Rivierenbuurt. An excerpt from her diary is displayed outside the school entrance. The school still has one classroom preserved in its original state, but it is not a museum. Unfortunately the Anne Frank Tree blew down in a gale in August 2010. Located near the Westerkerk, she could see the tree from her hiding place and wrote about it several times in her diary. The Amsterdam City Archives collection includes a police report from when Anne's bicycle was stolen in April 1942.